Friends of the Aiken Public Library

Religion

Books containing the guiding principles of the world's religions.

See also:

Christianity Today's Top Ten Religious Books of the Century

100 Essential Books for Jewish Readers

World of Islam: A Minneapolis Public Library Booklist

The Bible

The Bible

The holy scriptures of both Judaism and Christianity. It consists of two major parts; The New Testament, which contains 27 books originally in Greek, written by early Christians; and The Old Testament, containing 33 books, written in ancient Hebrew. The Old Testament is the holy scripture of both the Christian religion and Judaism. Jews further subdivide the Old Testament into three parts; the Torah ("teaching") which contains five books and is the basis for Jewish religious law; the Nevi'im ("prophets") which contains seventeen books and tells the story of the Children of Israel; and the Ketuvim ("writings") which contains eleven books of lyrical poetry, philosophical reflections on life, and the stories of the prophets and other Jewish leaders during the Babylonian exile. The Bible is the first book ever mass-produced on a printing press.

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The Koran

The Qur'an (Koran)

The central religious text of Islam. Muslims believe God spoke to Muhammad through the angel Gabriel over a period of several years until his death, imparting to Muhammad directly his final revelation to humanity. The Qur'anic verses were originally memorized by Muhammad's companions as Muhammad recited them, with some being written down by one or more companions on whatever was at hand, from stones to pieces of bark, which were later compiled into a single volume of 114 suras (chapters).

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The Book of Mormon

The Book of Mormon

The Book of Mormon is one of the sacred texts of the Church of Jesus Christ of the Latter Day Saints, named after the prophet/historian Mormon, who according to the text compiled most of the book. Joseph Smith, the founder of the LDS church, has said that he translated the book from a set of engraved sheets of gold which were loaned to him by the angel Moroni.

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The Analects of Confucius

The Analects of Confucius

A record of the words and acts of the central Chinese thinker and philosopher Confucius and his disciples, as well as the discussions they held. Since Confucius' time, the Analects has heavily influenced the philosophy and moral values of China and later other East Asian countries as well. Together with the other three volumes of the Four Books, it taught the basic Confucian values including propriety, righteousness, loyalty, and filial piety, all centered about the central thought of Confucius – humanity.

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The Bhagavad Gita

The Bhagavad Gita

The Bhagavad Gita is an ancient Sanskrit text comprised of 700 verses from the Mahabharata. Krishna, as the speaker of the Bhagavad Gita is referred to within as Bhagavan (the divine one), and the verses are written in a poetic form that is traditionally chanted; hence the title, which translates to "the Song of the Divine One". The Bhagavad Gita is revered as sacred by the majority of Hindu traditions, and especially so by followers of Krishna.

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Science and Health With Key to the Scriptures

Science and Health With Key to the Scriptures by Mary Baker Eddy

After a severe injury sustained in Lynn, Massachusetts in February 1866, Eddy turned to the Bible and experienced a sudden abatement of her symptoms. She devoted the next three years of her life to biblical study and the development of Christian Science. Convinced that illness was an illusion that could be healed through a clearer perception of God, she began teaching her theory of healing to others. This book she described as the textbook for Christian Science.

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Dianetics

Dianetics by L. Ron Hubbard

Dianetics is a set of ideas and practices regarding the relationship between mind and body that were developed by science fiction author L. Ron Hubbard. Hubbard believed most mental and physical problems are caused by traumatic memories that are stored in the unconscious mind. The goal of Dianetics is to become rid of this portion of one's mind. Once at this state of "Clear," according to Hubbard, an individual becomes able to function at his or her full potential. This book serves as the doctrinal foundation of the Church of Scientology.

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